The history of Cameroon dates back to times well before the expeditions of western navigators and traders and the colonial conquests. As attested by numerous objects in carved and polished stone found practically all over the territory, the country has been inhabited since prehistoric times.
Sport is practiced widely by the population. Cameroonians take pride in victories at international competitions, making sport an important source of national unity. The most popular sport by far is football. The Cameroon national football team has been one of the most successful in Africa.
Cameroon has the reputation to be Africa in miniature: from north to south, one passes from almost desert to the luxuriante tropical forest. Its Fauna and Flora are among the richest in terms of biodiversity in Africa and supports over 900 species of birds, over 300 mammals and many other stunning creatures.
The outstanding originality of Cameroon is expressed in its cultural diversity. The country rich cultural diversity is the exceptional heritage of a great melting pot of more than 250 ethnic groups, each major ethnic group having developed its own customs and lifestyle.
Cameroonian art is identified by its tremendous expressionism in almost all aspects. One art form that is prevalent in Cameroon is woodworking, clay sculptures, and stone work. The country has many music rhythms and great musicians and dancers, many of whom have proven their worth at an international level.
Thanks to its oil reserves and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon is one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the most dynamic sectors of the Cameroonian economy are Forestry, Telecommunications, Construction and Agriculture.
Cameroon is known for having one of the best education systems in Africa with more than 79% of its population being literate. Primary school is both free of charge and obligatory. A bilingual system of education is operational at the university level where studies are carried out in both English and French.
The Republic of Cameroon is a multiparty presidential regime. The executive power lies with the President, the chief of state who is elected by popular vote for a term of seven years. The Government is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President.
Cameroon society is complex and intriguing for a country of its population (23 million as of 2013) as it comprises an estimated 250 distinct ethnic groups. The major cities include Douala (the shipping and industrial center), Yaoundé (the capital), Nkongsamba, Maroua, Garoua, Bafoussam and Bamenda.